The Benibana Museum (The Safflower Museum)

8. Its Use and Effect (用途と効用)

The color pigments contained in the petal of benibana are divided into two: one is called safrole-yellow, which is melted into water, the other is called carthamin and it is not melted in water, and both are used for dyeing.

If the high purity of carthamin is used for lipsticks, it prevents the roughness of lips and it promotes the circulation of blood. As the cloth dyed in a red color is worn on the body, it promotes to keep the body's temperature, so it was used for a health band, socks, a loincloth and a stomach band. It was also used for ascetic devotees to wear and was very effective to women whose health is adversely affected by the cold.

The seeds of benibana have an effect to get rid of cholesterol of blood vessel and the quality of safflower oil is good for prevention of high blood pressure. They are used for salad oil, fried oil (天ぷら油) and margarine oil. Also the oil produced from the seed is used for kerosene and its soot can be made into a high quality of sumi (墨).

Young stem of the flowers are good for cooking and the flowers is used for a flower arrangement or dried flowers.

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  1. Benibana (Safflower : Carthamus Tinctorius) Revived
  2. From the Horigome Residence of a Wealthy Farmer to the Museum
  3. Horigome's Former Residence
  4. The Benibana House
  5. Place of Origin of Benibana
  6. Flora of Benibana
  7. Kinds of Benibana
  8. Its Use and Effect
  9. How to Grow Benibana
  10. Variety of Dyeing Materials
  11. Main Plants Dyes
  12. Technique of Benibana Dyes
  13. Benibana Dyeing for Everybody
  14. How to Make Benibana Wine
  15. How to Make Rouge
  16. History of Benibana
  17. Benibana Charmed the Noblemen
  18. Benibana for Tax Obligation
  19. Nobunaga Oda Made a Present of Benibana
  20. Supplication of Yoshiaki Mogami
  21. Anrakuji Temple Documents of Benibana Donation
  22. Evaluation of Mogami Benibana
  23. Prosperity of Flower Market
  24. "Mebaya" and "Sanbe" as Traders
  25. All the Fields Covered with Benibana
  26. Two Haiku Lines of Benibana
  27. Yield of Benibana
  28. Area under Cultivation of Mogami-benibana
  29. Price of Mogami-benibana
  30. Route of Benibana Conveyance
  31. Deterioration of Mogami Benibana
  32. Decline of Domestic Benibana
  33. Life of Mogami-benibana
  34. Kahoku Town - Town of Safflower
  35. Benibana Tradings
  36. Benibana Jizo as a Guardian
  37. Color of Twelve Official Ranks
  38. Rich Benibana Traders and Road of Culture
  40. Conversion Table
  41. Access