The Benibana Museum (The Safflower Museum)

7. Kinds of Benibana (紅花の品種)

Mogami-benibana     Thornless Benibana

The kind of benibana now growing in Yamagata Prefecture is called "Mogami-benibana" (最上紅花) which is mostly separated by the Yamagata Agricultural Laboratory from the mesomorph kind of Dewa (出羽在来種の中生種). Another separation is being done as a "Thornless benibana" which is selected from a nature kind. This kind is used for cut flowers. Further, "Yellow kind" which is colorless flower and "White kind", which is one of the variety, an "Early ripening kind" "Slow grower kind" "American kind" "Okayama kind" "Chinese kind" "Israel kind" "Brazil kind" are counted.

Mogami-benibana items Thornless benibana
sharp thorn at the tip of leaves thorn not grown
about 1 meter height about 70 centimeter
7~15 branches few
small corolla big
faint color of leaves thick
at the head of July flower season at the end of June

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  1. Benibana (Safflower : Carthamus Tinctorius) Revived
  2. From the Horigome Residence of a Wealthy Farmer to the Museum
  3. Horigome's Former Residence
  4. The Benibana House
  5. Place of Origin of Benibana
  6. Flora of Benibana
  7. Kinds of Benibana
  8. Its Use and Effect
  9. How to Grow Benibana
  10. Variety of Dyeing Materials
  11. Main Plants Dyes
  12. Technique of Benibana Dyes
  13. Benibana Dyeing for Everybody
  14. How to Make Benibana Wine
  15. How to Make Rouge
  16. History of Benibana
  17. Benibana Charmed the Noblemen
  18. Benibana for Tax Obligation
  19. Nobunaga Oda Made a Present of Benibana
  20. Supplication of Yoshiaki Mogami
  21. Anrakuji Temple Documents of Benibana Donation
  22. Evaluation of Mogami Benibana
  23. Prosperity of Flower Market
  24. "Mebaya" and "Sanbe" as Traders
  25. All the Fields Covered with Benibana
  26. Two Haiku Lines of Benibana
  27. Yield of Benibana
  28. Area under Cultivation of Mogami-benibana
  29. Price of Mogami-benibana
  30. Route of Benibana Conveyance
  31. Deterioration of Mogami Benibana
  32. Decline of Domestic Benibana
  33. Life of Mogami-benibana
  34. Kahoku Town - Town of Safflower
  35. Benibana Tradings
  36. Benibana Jizo as a Guardian
  37. Color of Twelve Official Ranks
  38. Rich Benibana Traders and Road of Culture
  40. Conversion Table
  41. Access