The Benibana Museum (The Safflower Museum)

6. Flora of Benibana (紅花の植物誌)

Botanical name <Carthamus Tinctorius L.> this was named by Linnaeus in 1753.

(Carthamus: to dye in Arabic) (Tinctorius: for dyeing in Latin)

Benibana has 0.5~1.2 meters heigh stem and the leaves are hard and alternated. The tip of leaves was thick green and widethorn. And the edge of leaves has prickles and it bears a bright yellow flower like thistles at the head of July. Soon its petal turns red. The flower comes to bloom at the head of a stem and forms flowers at the tip like 2.5~4.0 centimeters diameter and they are tubular. At first, the flower comes at the main stem and then spread from other branches. An involucre is bigger outside and it becomes leaves and has a thorn at the edge and its hypothecium is white and lucid. Its length is 6 millimeters and the plumes is very short and it matures at the beginning of August. The diameter is deep and the plant dislikes to be transplanted.

Benibana is cultivated for dyeing material and cosmetics like lipstick and so forth.

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  1. Benibana (Safflower : Carthamus Tinctorius) Revived
  2. From the Horigome Residence of a Wealthy Farmer to the Museum
  3. Horigome's Former Residence
  4. The Benibana House
  5. Place of Origin of Benibana
  6. Flora of Benibana
  7. Kinds of Benibana
  8. Its Use and Effect
  9. How to Grow Benibana
  10. Variety of Dyeing Materials
  11. Main Plants Dyes
  12. Technique of Benibana Dyes
  13. Benibana Dyeing for Everybody
  14. How to Make Benibana Wine
  15. How to Make Rouge
  16. History of Benibana
  17. Benibana Charmed the Noblemen
  18. Benibana for Tax Obligation
  19. Nobunaga Oda Made a Present of Benibana
  20. Supplication of Yoshiaki Mogami
  21. Anrakuji Temple Documents of Benibana Donation
  22. Evaluation of Mogami Benibana
  23. Prosperity of Flower Market
  24. "Mebaya" and "Sanbe" as Traders
  25. All the Fields Covered with Benibana
  26. Two Haiku Lines of Benibana
  27. Yield of Benibana
  28. Area under Cultivation of Mogami-benibana
  29. Price of Mogami-benibana
  30. Route of Benibana Conveyance
  31. Deterioration of Mogami Benibana
  32. Decline of Domestic Benibana
  33. Life of Mogami-benibana
  34. Kahoku Town - Town of Safflower
  35. Benibana Tradings
  36. Benibana Jizo as a Guardian
  37. Color of Twelve Official Ranks
  38. Rich Benibana Traders and Road of Culture
  40. Conversion Table
  41. Access