The Benibana Museum (The Safflower Museum)

35. Benibana Tradings (紅花交易)

The Course of Transportation

Benibana produced in Kahoku area was conveyed to Kyoto and Osaka. During Kanbun period(1661-73), Zuiken Kawamura (河村瑞軒) proposed the trading of the Mogami River conveyance to Sakata. Then the flow of the conveyance automatically focused to Kwansai (関西) areas by sea. The Ise (伊勢) merchants and Mogami merchants settled their branch shops in Kyoto and Osaka as a center of trading. Rice, benibana and so on were exported there and the ships brought back, in return, textile, cotton, porcelain, salt, sugar and other daily necessities. Especially, furniture, books, Kyoto dolls and other artificial goods were brought back as valuable properties. Many of them are preserved at present in Kahoku.

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  1. Benibana (Safflower : Carthamus Tinctorius) Revived
  2. From the Horigome Residence of a Wealthy Farmer to the Museum
  3. Horigome's Former Residence
  4. The Benibana House
  5. Place of Origin of Benibana
  6. Flora of Benibana
  7. Kinds of Benibana
  8. Its Use and Effect
  9. How to Grow Benibana
  10. Variety of Dyeing Materials
  11. Main Plants Dyes
  12. Technique of Benibana Dyes
  13. Benibana Dyeing for Everybody
  14. How to Make Benibana Wine
  15. How to Make Rouge
  16. History of Benibana
  17. Benibana Charmed the Noblemen
  18. Benibana for Tax Obligation
  19. Nobunaga Oda Made a Present of Benibana
  20. Supplication of Yoshiaki Mogami
  21. Anrakuji Temple Documents of Benibana Donation
  22. Evaluation of Mogami Benibana
  23. Prosperity of Flower Market
  24. "Mebaya" and "Sanbe" as Traders
  25. All the Fields Covered with Benibana
  26. Two Haiku Lines of Benibana
  27. Yield of Benibana
  28. Area under Cultivation of Mogami-benibana
  29. Price of Mogami-benibana
  30. Route of Benibana Conveyance
  31. Deterioration of Mogami Benibana
  32. Decline of Domestic Benibana
  33. Life of Mogami-benibana
  34. Kahoku Town - Town of Safflower
  35. Benibana Tradings
  36. Benibana Jizo as a Guardian
  37. Color of Twelve Official Ranks
  38. Rich Benibana Traders and Road of Culture
  40. Conversion Table
  41. Access