The Benibana Museum (The Safflower Museum)

・Benibana Production and Cultural Exchange(紅花生産と文化交流)

The Map of Benibana Production

34. Kahoku Town - Town of Safflower (紅花のまち河北町)

When Kahoku Town decided benibana a Town Flower, the phrase of "Benibana Country - Kahoku" came from the historic fact that Mogami-benibana was once collected and distributed here since the middle of Edo period. This Town had the old documents to show that the "beni" production during Tensho period (天正年間 1573-92) . And other two periods - Kansei period (寛政年間 1789-1801) and Ansei period (安政年間 1854-60)- Murayama area occupied the half of the whole production of Japan.

Benibana was transported from China and gradually its cultivation areas were spread to Tohoku of deep snowy districts.

The northern limit of its cultivation was the south of Iwate Prefecture, but the reason of its prosperity in such a cold land comes from the adaptability of the land, and its industry was closely connected with benibana's cost crop.

There lived more than twenty of benibana dealers in Kahoku at its highest and twenty-five to thirty "Mebayas" and "Sanbes" were counted here. Kahoku Town was the second largest collecting spot next to Yamagata City.

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  1. Benibana (Safflower : Carthamus Tinctorius) Revived
  2. From the Horigome Residence of a Wealthy Farmer to the Museum
  3. Horigome's Former Residence
  4. The Benibana House
  5. Place of Origin of Benibana
  6. Flora of Benibana
  7. Kinds of Benibana
  8. Its Use and Effect
  9. How to Grow Benibana
  10. Variety of Dyeing Materials
  11. Main Plants Dyes
  12. Technique of Benibana Dyes
  13. Benibana Dyeing for Everybody
  14. How to Make Benibana Wine
  15. How to Make Rouge
  16. History of Benibana
  17. Benibana Charmed the Noblemen
  18. Benibana for Tax Obligation
  19. Nobunaga Oda Made a Present of Benibana
  20. Supplication of Yoshiaki Mogami
  21. Anrakuji Temple Documents of Benibana Donation
  22. Evaluation of Mogami Benibana
  23. Prosperity of Flower Market
  24. "Mebaya" and "Sanbe" as Traders
  25. All the Fields Covered with Benibana
  26. Two Haiku Lines of Benibana
  27. Yield of Benibana
  28. Area under Cultivation of Mogami-benibana
  29. Price of Mogami-benibana
  30. Route of Benibana Conveyance
  31. Deterioration of Mogami Benibana
  32. Decline of Domestic Benibana
  33. Life of Mogami-benibana
  34. Kahoku Town - Town of Safflower
  35. Benibana Tradings
  36. Benibana Jizo as a Guardian
  37. Color of Twelve Official Ranks
  38. Rich Benibana Traders and Road of Culture
  40. Conversion Table
  41. Access