The Benibana Museum (The Safflower Museum)

32. Decline of Domestic Benibana (国産紅花の衰退)

Benibana was a valuable cash crop. At the end of Edo period, though its production lasted its increase, it came close, because a silk industry and tea cultivation were prevalent. The benibana industry was begun to be defeated gradually. This inclination was a nation-wide.

But the quantity of demand of benibana did not decreased, because its shortage was imported from foreign lands like China and India. The amount of imports rose 24,000 kilo grams in 1876 at the highest.

But the final blow for domestic production was an import of chemical dyes from Europe. Carmin acid cochineal extract, which was already imported at Nagasaki about 1790, was good for bright red dyeing and more it was used for an edible stuff.

And aniline dyes was also imported, which thoroughly drove out the old benibana colors. Because the price of produce of benibana colors had no match against those chemical dyes.

Mogami-benibana, besides other domestic benibanas, also began to decline and disappeared as the time went on.

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  1. Benibana (Safflower : Carthamus Tinctorius) Revived
  2. From the Horigome Residence of a Wealthy Farmer to the Museum
  3. Horigome's Former Residence
  4. The Benibana House
  5. Place of Origin of Benibana
  6. Flora of Benibana
  7. Kinds of Benibana
  8. Its Use and Effect
  9. How to Grow Benibana
  10. Variety of Dyeing Materials
  11. Main Plants Dyes
  12. Technique of Benibana Dyes
  13. Benibana Dyeing for Everybody
  14. How to Make Benibana Wine
  15. How to Make Rouge
  16. History of Benibana
  17. Benibana Charmed the Noblemen
  18. Benibana for Tax Obligation
  19. Nobunaga Oda Made a Present of Benibana
  20. Supplication of Yoshiaki Mogami
  21. Anrakuji Temple Documents of Benibana Donation
  22. Evaluation of Mogami Benibana
  23. Prosperity of Flower Market
  24. "Mebaya" and "Sanbe" as Traders
  25. All the Fields Covered with Benibana
  26. Two Haiku Lines of Benibana
  27. Yield of Benibana
  28. Area under Cultivation of Mogami-benibana
  29. Price of Mogami-benibana
  30. Route of Benibana Conveyance
  31. Deterioration of Mogami Benibana
  32. Decline of Domestic Benibana
  33. Life of Mogami-benibana
  34. Kahoku Town - Town of Safflower
  35. Benibana Tradings
  36. Benibana Jizo as a Guardian
  37. Color of Twelve Official Ranks
  38. Rich Benibana Traders and Road of Culture
  40. Conversion Table
  41. Access