The Benibana Museum (The Safflower Museum)

30. Route of Benibana Conveyance (最上紅花の輸送経路)

Benibana collected in Yamagata and Yachi was conveyed to Kyoto. What was its conveyance route? Dried benibana was packed at the senders by 1 Kon (4 kans) and it was transported on horse back to Oishida, which was made a shipment down the Mogami River to Sakata(酒田). There, packages were brought up a sea cargo to Tsuruga. From Tsuruga they were conveyed by land to Kaizu (海津) or Shiotsu (塩津). The packages were conveyed to Kyoto via the Biwa Lake (琵琶湖) and the Yodo River (淀川). In those days, the rice which was conveyed Edo or Osaka took the sea route called "the western sea route" (西廻り), but benibana took the partly by sea and partly by land. That was because benibana was valuable thing and if the land transportation was taken, it was still more profitable.

The trading was done by the wholesalers who were patrons of shippers at the important spots. The shippers put the plate of its brand and sent with the approximate prices.

The wholesalers sent them to the following trader after subtracting the settled price.

This system of conveyance aimed at protecting the native post towns and stations.

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  1. Benibana (Safflower : Carthamus Tinctorius) Revived
  2. From the Horigome Residence of a Wealthy Farmer to the Museum
  3. Horigome's Former Residence
  4. The Benibana House
  5. Place of Origin of Benibana
  6. Flora of Benibana
  7. Kinds of Benibana
  8. Its Use and Effect
  9. How to Grow Benibana
  10. Variety of Dyeing Materials
  11. Main Plants Dyes
  12. Technique of Benibana Dyes
  13. Benibana Dyeing for Everybody
  14. How to Make Benibana Wine
  15. How to Make Rouge
  16. History of Benibana
  17. Benibana Charmed the Noblemen
  18. Benibana for Tax Obligation
  19. Nobunaga Oda Made a Present of Benibana
  20. Supplication of Yoshiaki Mogami
  21. Anrakuji Temple Documents of Benibana Donation
  22. Evaluation of Mogami Benibana
  23. Prosperity of Flower Market
  24. "Mebaya" and "Sanbe" as Traders
  25. All the Fields Covered with Benibana
  26. Two Haiku Lines of Benibana
  27. Yield of Benibana
  28. Area under Cultivation of Mogami-benibana
  29. Price of Mogami-benibana
  30. Route of Benibana Conveyance
  31. Deterioration of Mogami Benibana
  32. Decline of Domestic Benibana
  33. Life of Mogami-benibana
  34. Kahoku Town - Town of Safflower
  35. Benibana Tradings
  36. Benibana Jizo as a Guardian
  37. Color of Twelve Official Ranks
  38. Rich Benibana Traders and Road of Culture
  40. Conversion Table
  41. Access