The Benibana Museum (The Safflower Museum)

26. Two Haiku Lines of Benibana (紅花二句)



These two haiku lines are said to be created by Basho Matsuo (松尾芭蕉) three hundreds years ago, in 1689 on the way of the tour around the Tohoku districts. It was on May 17 when he arrived at Obanazawa (尾花沢) and left for Oishida (大石田) on June 1. At this season, benibana seemed to be in full bloom, he visited Yamadera on May 27 and 28, in the solar calendar on July 13 and 14. He had been advised to visit there. The full bloom along the road seemed to charm him deeply. Mr. Shinichi Konta (今田信一氏), who is a researcher of benibana says that if we appreciate these two lines, "Mayuhaki" (眉掃) line comes from his impression of a pretty flower and "Yukusue" (行末) line is produced a gorgeous bloom of the flower".

Benibana's northern growing limit is Higashine, but, there, they laid the seeds at the beginning of April and then a flower usually comes at the middle of July. On the other hand, they laid the seeds on April 4 or 5, then a flower usually comes on July 2 or 3. To think of the appreciation of two lines above, the first line expresses Higashine blooming and the second one expresses the prosperous blooming along Yamadera area.

Basho created these two lines via visiting Risshakuji Temple(立石寺) of Yamadera, where he went down from Obanazawa and also created one of the most famous haiku line "Cicada" ("静けさや岩にしみいる蝉の声").

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  1. Benibana (Safflower : Carthamus Tinctorius) Revived
  2. From the Horigome Residence of a Wealthy Farmer to the Museum
  3. Horigome's Former Residence
  4. The Benibana House
  5. Place of Origin of Benibana
  6. Flora of Benibana
  7. Kinds of Benibana
  8. Its Use and Effect
  9. How to Grow Benibana
  10. Variety of Dyeing Materials
  11. Main Plants Dyes
  12. Technique of Benibana Dyes
  13. Benibana Dyeing for Everybody
  14. How to Make Benibana Wine
  15. How to Make Rouge
  16. History of Benibana
  17. Benibana Charmed the Noblemen
  18. Benibana for Tax Obligation
  19. Nobunaga Oda Made a Present of Benibana
  20. Supplication of Yoshiaki Mogami
  21. Anrakuji Temple Documents of Benibana Donation
  22. Evaluation of Mogami Benibana
  23. Prosperity of Flower Market
  24. "Mebaya" and "Sanbe" as Traders
  25. All the Fields Covered with Benibana
  26. Two Haiku Lines of Benibana
  27. Yield of Benibana
  28. Area under Cultivation of Mogami-benibana
  29. Price of Mogami-benibana
  30. Route of Benibana Conveyance
  31. Deterioration of Mogami Benibana
  32. Decline of Domestic Benibana
  33. Life of Mogami-benibana
  34. Kahoku Town - Town of Safflower
  35. Benibana Tradings
  36. Benibana Jizo as a Guardian
  37. Color of Twelve Official Ranks
  38. Rich Benibana Traders and Road of Culture
  40. Conversion Table
  41. Access