The Benibana Museum (The Safflower Museum)

25. All the Fields Covered with Benibana (満地朱をそそぐ)

In 1788, Koshoken Furukawa (古川古松軒) who was followed with an officer of patrol of the Shogunate (幕府) described the impression of looking down over the Murayama Basin (村山盆地) from the ridge of Akahane (赤羽毛), Hasedou Village (長谷堂村) via Kaminoyama (上山) on June 16.

"We look down the villages just below our eyes. The fields are very well cultivated and nurtured as a rice paddy. The season is its highest of benibana flower, all of the ground was covered with red color. The beauty of it is beyond description and nowhere is found all over China and other, western parts of this country".

An officer of patrol here was sent for by the Shogunate to check the situation of the countries and the authority divided the whole of this country into 8 parts and a team consisted of three persons. Koshoken was surprised at the beautiful scene of the basin. The color of benibana is not exactly red, but a field of the highest blooming of benibana gave a deep impression to him.

The main production part of benibana was the most fertile plain along the Mogami River and Kaminoyama and it was the southern limit and the northern limit was Yamagata-Tendo (天童)-Yachi to Higashine(東根) and the western limit was Sagae (寒河江). As benibana has thin thistles, the plucking time must be misty early morning. The districts along the Mogami River were easy to be misty, along where the cultivation was prosperous.

A team of the patrol passed Yamagata and Tendo, and they arrived at Yachi on June 19, and stayed at Goroemon Tamiya (田宮五郎右衛門), Yaemon Shibata (柴田弥右衛門) of Omachi (大町) and Tahe Wada (和田太兵衛) at Kudo Koji (工藤小路).

<Back to top>



  1. Benibana (Safflower : Carthamus Tinctorius) Revived
  2. From the Horigome Residence of a Wealthy Farmer to the Museum
  3. Horigome's Former Residence
  4. The Benibana House
  5. Place of Origin of Benibana
  6. Flora of Benibana
  7. Kinds of Benibana
  8. Its Use and Effect
  9. How to Grow Benibana
  10. Variety of Dyeing Materials
  11. Main Plants Dyes
  12. Technique of Benibana Dyes
  13. Benibana Dyeing for Everybody
  14. How to Make Benibana Wine
  15. How to Make Rouge
  16. History of Benibana
  17. Benibana Charmed the Noblemen
  18. Benibana for Tax Obligation
  19. Nobunaga Oda Made a Present of Benibana
  20. Supplication of Yoshiaki Mogami
  21. Anrakuji Temple Documents of Benibana Donation
  22. Evaluation of Mogami Benibana
  23. Prosperity of Flower Market
  24. "Mebaya" and "Sanbe" as Traders
  25. All the Fields Covered with Benibana
  26. Two Haiku Lines of Benibana
  27. Yield of Benibana
  28. Area under Cultivation of Mogami-benibana
  29. Price of Mogami-benibana
  30. Route of Benibana Conveyance
  31. Deterioration of Mogami Benibana
  32. Decline of Domestic Benibana
  33. Life of Mogami-benibana
  34. Kahoku Town - Town of Safflower
  35. Benibana Tradings
  36. Benibana Jizo as a Guardian
  37. Color of Twelve Official Ranks
  38. Rich Benibana Traders and Road of Culture
  40. Conversion Table
  41. Access