The Benibana Museum (The Safflower Museum)

24. "Mebaya" and "Sanbe" as Traders (仲介業の目早とサンベ)

Behind the prosperity of benibana trading, "Mebaya" and "Sanbe" took an important role of its process. Both were a unique name in this district and the former was a trader to settle the price of benibana after checking the condition of the flowers' harvest and the latter was a broker to collect the cargos by request of benibana merchants.

At the beginning of Edo period, both buisiness were not devided, but the increase of the business separated the role to manage the business of production from merchandizing, and these situation created the work of "Mebaya".

As the character and its stand became stable, the official of the Yamagata Clan publicly approved their works in 1731 and after this Mebayas founded their guild to pay a constant tax and concluded agreement between them. At about 1781, Mebayas in Yamagata area were counted 50 persons and Sanbes about 100 persons, especially about 25 Sanbes lived near Yachi.

But the public recognition of both business men caused various troubles, because the distribution system gradually became changed. In the part of currency, Mebayas and the traders of the native area became too tight, the flower markets gradually declined. Specially buyers from Kyoto or Osaka could not get the raw benibana flower because Mebayas began their trading before the harvest time for the purpose of their profit.

Anyhow, Mebaya and Sanbe took the important role till the beginning of Meiji era.

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  1. Benibana (Safflower : Carthamus Tinctorius) Revived
  2. From the Horigome Residence of a Wealthy Farmer to the Museum
  3. Horigome's Former Residence
  4. The Benibana House
  5. Place of Origin of Benibana
  6. Flora of Benibana
  7. Kinds of Benibana
  8. Its Use and Effect
  9. How to Grow Benibana
  10. Variety of Dyeing Materials
  11. Main Plants Dyes
  12. Technique of Benibana Dyes
  13. Benibana Dyeing for Everybody
  14. How to Make Benibana Wine
  15. How to Make Rouge
  16. History of Benibana
  17. Benibana Charmed the Noblemen
  18. Benibana for Tax Obligation
  19. Nobunaga Oda Made a Present of Benibana
  20. Supplication of Yoshiaki Mogami
  21. Anrakuji Temple Documents of Benibana Donation
  22. Evaluation of Mogami Benibana
  23. Prosperity of Flower Market
  24. "Mebaya" and "Sanbe" as Traders
  25. All the Fields Covered with Benibana
  26. Two Haiku Lines of Benibana
  27. Yield of Benibana
  28. Area under Cultivation of Mogami-benibana
  29. Price of Mogami-benibana
  30. Route of Benibana Conveyance
  31. Deterioration of Mogami Benibana
  32. Decline of Domestic Benibana
  33. Life of Mogami-benibana
  34. Kahoku Town - Town of Safflower
  35. Benibana Tradings
  36. Benibana Jizo as a Guardian
  37. Color of Twelve Official Ranks
  38. Rich Benibana Traders and Road of Culture
  40. Conversion Table
  41. Access