The Benibana Museum (The Safflower Museum)

23. Prosperity of Flower Market (花市の賑わい)

Mogami-benibana got the best evaluation in the quality and quantity at the beginning of Edo period and Yamagata was its central exchanging place. At the earliest time of benibana cultivation, all the process of growing and drying of the flower would be done by each farmer, but the increase of its producing tended to manage by some brokers and the most of processing came to be done in the intensive works. Enough space and warehouse were needed to process from cultivation to production. So it was impossible for small-size farmer of merchants to produce an accumulated quality of benibana. Large scale merchants and traders who live around Yamagata came to manage all the trades of benibana industry.

"Hana-ichi" (花市) was the place where the traders bought the flower from farmers and its flower markets seemed to settle at about 1624-46. "Meibutsu-beni-no-sode"(『名物紅乃袖』), the document to tell the prosperity preserved in Jifukuji Temple in Yamagata, described below.

"At Yamagata, the remote place from Kyoto, the buyers and traders were all crazy: some were almost naked, some came from other countries and enhanced its trading".

Kyoto merchants came all the way from to merchandize benibana. The descriptions of "Furyu-matsunoki-makura" (『風流松木枕』) in 1764 is like this : A lot of the people - men or women - were crazy to trade, because they could earn their living of the whole of a year".

The prosperity of benibana markets seemed to be tremendous.

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  1. Benibana (Safflower : Carthamus Tinctorius) Revived
  2. From the Horigome Residence of a Wealthy Farmer to the Museum
  3. Horigome's Former Residence
  4. The Benibana House
  5. Place of Origin of Benibana
  6. Flora of Benibana
  7. Kinds of Benibana
  8. Its Use and Effect
  9. How to Grow Benibana
  10. Variety of Dyeing Materials
  11. Main Plants Dyes
  12. Technique of Benibana Dyes
  13. Benibana Dyeing for Everybody
  14. How to Make Benibana Wine
  15. How to Make Rouge
  16. History of Benibana
  17. Benibana Charmed the Noblemen
  18. Benibana for Tax Obligation
  19. Nobunaga Oda Made a Present of Benibana
  20. Supplication of Yoshiaki Mogami
  21. Anrakuji Temple Documents of Benibana Donation
  22. Evaluation of Mogami Benibana
  23. Prosperity of Flower Market
  24. "Mebaya" and "Sanbe" as Traders
  25. All the Fields Covered with Benibana
  26. Two Haiku Lines of Benibana
  27. Yield of Benibana
  28. Area under Cultivation of Mogami-benibana
  29. Price of Mogami-benibana
  30. Route of Benibana Conveyance
  31. Deterioration of Mogami Benibana
  32. Decline of Domestic Benibana
  33. Life of Mogami-benibana
  34. Kahoku Town - Town of Safflower
  35. Benibana Tradings
  36. Benibana Jizo as a Guardian
  37. Color of Twelve Official Ranks
  38. Rich Benibana Traders and Road of Culture
  40. Conversion Table
  41. Access