The Benibana Museum (The Safflower Museum)

22. Evaluation of Mogami Benibana (最上紅花の評価)

List of Productions after the Sumo Rank (諸国産物見立相撲番付)

Benibana was begun to be raised at Shiratori's ruling reign, but its production largely increased in Edo period. Its brand was "Mogami-benibana" that was highly evaluated in both its quality and quantity. In those days Murayama (村山) area was called "Mogami" and the parts of now Shinjo City (新庄市) was called "Murayama". "Mogami-benibana" was a general brand which was raised at the inland of present Yamagata Prefecture.

Now, look at the historic documents to prove the evaluation of this flower. "Wakan-sansai-zue" (和漢三才図絵) published in 1712 tells the producing district of benibana like "Mogami and Yamagata is the best one and Ise (伊勢) and Chikugo (筑後) is the second best and Imabari (今治) and Sesshu (摂州), the third best". And in 1691 "Nihon-kanoko" (『日本鹿子』) says the more six countries are counted as a producing districts. Also in 1697 in "Nihon-kokka-manyoki" (『日本国花万葉記』) the same description is found.

As the time went down, in 1784, the document informs that the northern parts of Tohoku area like Sendai and Yamagata produced a good quality of benibana. In 1827, Nobuhiro Sato (佐藤信淵) evaluated the benibana of Mogami and Murayama and recommend to raise the seeds there. Mogami-banibana was the best qualitied one, though its quality was a little declined.

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  1. Benibana (Safflower : Carthamus Tinctorius) Revived
  2. From the Horigome Residence of a Wealthy Farmer to the Museum
  3. Horigome's Former Residence
  4. The Benibana House
  5. Place of Origin of Benibana
  6. Flora of Benibana
  7. Kinds of Benibana
  8. Its Use and Effect
  9. How to Grow Benibana
  10. Variety of Dyeing Materials
  11. Main Plants Dyes
  12. Technique of Benibana Dyes
  13. Benibana Dyeing for Everybody
  14. How to Make Benibana Wine
  15. How to Make Rouge
  16. History of Benibana
  17. Benibana Charmed the Noblemen
  18. Benibana for Tax Obligation
  19. Nobunaga Oda Made a Present of Benibana
  20. Supplication of Yoshiaki Mogami
  21. Anrakuji Temple Documents of Benibana Donation
  22. Evaluation of Mogami Benibana
  23. Prosperity of Flower Market
  24. "Mebaya" and "Sanbe" as Traders
  25. All the Fields Covered with Benibana
  26. Two Haiku Lines of Benibana
  27. Yield of Benibana
  28. Area under Cultivation of Mogami-benibana
  29. Price of Mogami-benibana
  30. Route of Benibana Conveyance
  31. Deterioration of Mogami Benibana
  32. Decline of Domestic Benibana
  33. Life of Mogami-benibana
  34. Kahoku Town - Town of Safflower
  35. Benibana Tradings
  36. Benibana Jizo as a Guardian
  37. Color of Twelve Official Ranks
  38. Rich Benibana Traders and Road of Culture
  40. Conversion Table
  41. Access