The Benibana Museum (The Safflower Museum)

21.Anrakuji Temple Documents of Benibana Donation (紅花志納の安楽寺文書)

Anrakuji Temple Document

At about the same age of Nobunaga Oda and Juro Shiratori, the rare documents are preserved the Anrakuji Temple (安楽寺) to show Kahoku people donated benibana to the head temple of the Shinshu Sect (真宗本山).

These documents were discovered by the priest and Mr. Isao Suzuki while they were restored the old documents in 1978 to show the devotees' gift to the head temple mentioned above. (In those days the money or articles were donated for gratitude.) One of the five documents is decoded below.

The flower mentioned here is , needless to say, benibana. The devotees were Josin (浄心) who opened this temple and other common devotees who lived in Iwaki Village (岩木村). The priest was Sosuke Nawa (名和宗介) as a layman and was a descendant of the famous Nagatoshi Nawa (名和長年), who closely connected in this village and opened the temple. This document tells that benibana cultivation already started in this part of the areas. The documents are the oldest one to have the relation with benibana and are designated the cultural property of Kahoku Town.

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  1. Benibana (Safflower : Carthamus Tinctorius) Revived
  2. From the Horigome Residence of a Wealthy Farmer to the Museum
  3. Horigome's Former Residence
  4. The Benibana House
  5. Place of Origin of Benibana
  6. Flora of Benibana
  7. Kinds of Benibana
  8. Its Use and Effect
  9. How to Grow Benibana
  10. Variety of Dyeing Materials
  11. Main Plants Dyes
  12. Technique of Benibana Dyes
  13. Benibana Dyeing for Everybody
  14. How to Make Benibana Wine
  15. How to Make Rouge
  16. History of Benibana
  17. Benibana Charmed the Noblemen
  18. Benibana for Tax Obligation
  19. Nobunaga Oda Made a Present of Benibana
  20. Supplication of Yoshiaki Mogami
  21. Anrakuji Temple Documents of Benibana Donation
  22. Evaluation of Mogami Benibana
  23. Prosperity of Flower Market
  24. "Mebaya" and "Sanbe" as Traders
  25. All the Fields Covered with Benibana
  26. Two Haiku Lines of Benibana
  27. Yield of Benibana
  28. Area under Cultivation of Mogami-benibana
  29. Price of Mogami-benibana
  30. Route of Benibana Conveyance
  31. Deterioration of Mogami Benibana
  32. Decline of Domestic Benibana
  33. Life of Mogami-benibana
  34. Kahoku Town - Town of Safflower
  35. Benibana Tradings
  36. Benibana Jizo as a Guardian
  37. Color of Twelve Official Ranks
  38. Rich Benibana Traders and Road of Culture
  40. Conversion Table
  41. Access