The Benibana Museum (The Safflower Museum)

19. Nobunaga Oda Made a Present of Benibana (信長、紅花を贈る)

Benibana charmed the noble men with its beauty, but it was beyond for the common people, who were forced to bear a hard life. The history tells that the life standard was enhanced after the latter part of Muromachi period (室町時代) (the 15th~16th century). The prevalence of benibana cultivating was also increased in line with its necessity.

Now let's back the story concerning in this area, Juro Shiratori (白鳥十郎), the land lord of Yachi (谷地) , presented the excellent steed "White Lark" (白雲雀) to Nobunaga Oda, who was holding sway over this country. At that days, to present a horse meant that the presenter should be obedient to the presentee. Nobunaga was so pleased that he, in return, gave Shiratori 30 rolls of damask and so forth besides 50 kins (斤) of beni-rouge. The description are still preserved in the Makis (槙家). Damask was imported from China at that period and a kind of silk textile and other gifts were all expensive stuffs. We can easily suppose the beni is valueless things among them.

The unit of weight 1 kin (斤) is 160 monmes (匁) and 50 kins are equal to 8 kans (貫). The flower was thought dried benibanas, so 8 kans was a considerable weight. Benibana researchers say that the flower was begun to rear just at this time. Nobunaga naturally did not know the flower was already cultivating in Dewa (出羽), the remote country of northern Japan.

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  1. Benibana (Safflower : Carthamus Tinctorius) Revived
  2. From the Horigome Residence of a Wealthy Farmer to the Museum
  3. Horigome's Former Residence
  4. The Benibana House
  5. Place of Origin of Benibana
  6. Flora of Benibana
  7. Kinds of Benibana
  8. Its Use and Effect
  9. How to Grow Benibana
  10. Variety of Dyeing Materials
  11. Main Plants Dyes
  12. Technique of Benibana Dyes
  13. Benibana Dyeing for Everybody
  14. How to Make Benibana Wine
  15. How to Make Rouge
  16. History of Benibana
  17. Benibana Charmed the Noblemen
  18. Benibana for Tax Obligation
  19. Nobunaga Oda Made a Present of Benibana
  20. Supplication of Yoshiaki Mogami
  21. Anrakuji Temple Documents of Benibana Donation
  22. Evaluation of Mogami Benibana
  23. Prosperity of Flower Market
  24. "Mebaya" and "Sanbe" as Traders
  25. All the Fields Covered with Benibana
  26. Two Haiku Lines of Benibana
  27. Yield of Benibana
  28. Area under Cultivation of Mogami-benibana
  29. Price of Mogami-benibana
  30. Route of Benibana Conveyance
  31. Deterioration of Mogami Benibana
  32. Decline of Domestic Benibana
  33. Life of Mogami-benibana
  34. Kahoku Town - Town of Safflower
  35. Benibana Tradings
  36. Benibana Jizo as a Guardian
  37. Color of Twelve Official Ranks
  38. Rich Benibana Traders and Road of Culture
  40. Conversion Table
  41. Access