The Benibana Museum (The Safflower Museum)

16.History of Benibana (紅花の歴史)

"Benibana" appears in the "Kojiki"(『古事記』).

The name of "Silk Road" was settled by Ferdinand von Richthofen, a German geographer. "Benibana" is thought to have been brought from the Central Asia to China after long periods. Grapes, cucumbers, peas and sesames as well as benibana and also music instruments, dancing and magic are thought to have been conveyed along the same route.
After benibana arrived in China, it was said to be delivered to Japan, but the period is not certain.

In Japan, the "Kojiki" is one of the oldest literary classics, which was compiled 711 by O-no-Yasumaro (大安麻呂) under the order of Emperor Genmei (元明天皇). The book is composed by three volumes. The last volume contains the historic events from Nintoku Dynasty (仁徳朝) to Suiko Dynasty (推古朝), where the word of benibana is described four times. This is the oldest description about the name of benibana.

The time of arriving of this flower is also slightly presumed. It was 538, the thirteenth year of Emperor Kinmei (欽明天皇), that benibana appeared in this country about the same period of the first year of the delivery of Buddhism via Kudara (百済) Dynasty.

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  1. Benibana (Safflower : Carthamus Tinctorius) Revived
  2. From the Horigome Residence of a Wealthy Farmer to the Museum
  3. Horigome's Former Residence
  4. The Benibana House
  5. Place of Origin of Benibana
  6. Flora of Benibana
  7. Kinds of Benibana
  8. Its Use and Effect
  9. How to Grow Benibana
  10. Variety of Dyeing Materials
  11. Main Plants Dyes
  12. Technique of Benibana Dyes
  13. Benibana Dyeing for Everybody
  14. How to Make Benibana Wine
  15. How to Make Rouge
  16. History of Benibana
  17. Benibana Charmed the Noblemen
  18. Benibana for Tax Obligation
  19. Nobunaga Oda Made a Present of Benibana
  20. Supplication of Yoshiaki Mogami
  21. Anrakuji Temple Documents of Benibana Donation
  22. Evaluation of Mogami Benibana
  23. Prosperity of Flower Market
  24. "Mebaya" and "Sanbe" as Traders
  25. All the Fields Covered with Benibana
  26. Two Haiku Lines of Benibana
  27. Yield of Benibana
  28. Area under Cultivation of Mogami-benibana
  29. Price of Mogami-benibana
  30. Route of Benibana Conveyance
  31. Deterioration of Mogami Benibana
  32. Decline of Domestic Benibana
  33. Life of Mogami-benibana
  34. Kahoku Town - Town of Safflower
  35. Benibana Tradings
  36. Benibana Jizo as a Guardian
  37. Color of Twelve Official Ranks
  38. Rich Benibana Traders and Road of Culture
  40. Conversion Table
  41. Access