The Benibana Museum (The Safflower Museum)

15.How to Make Rouge (紅粉<口紅>の精製法)


  1. Give a slice cut to a cake of benibana. And soak them into water overnight. Put them in a cotton bag and crumple well, then take off the yellow colored water.
  2. Put them in a bamboo basket and put lye over them and make beni-color liquid. And add plum (梅) vinegar to make the red color thicker.
  3. Soak aoso cloth (青荢布) into the liquid and repeat soaking and wringing again and again to settle the beni-color on the cloth.
  4. Rinse the colored cloth with water and put a hot lye over it and take the red pigment out of it.
  5. Add the plum vinegar again to this beni-pigment and pour into the silk clothed wood-made pail.
  6. After repeating this process, scoop up the beni settled on the silk cloth and gather them in the porcelain.

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  1. Benibana (Safflower : Carthamus Tinctorius) Revived
  2. From the Horigome Residence of a Wealthy Farmer to the Museum
  3. Horigome's Former Residence
  4. The Benibana House
  5. Place of Origin of Benibana
  6. Flora of Benibana
  7. Kinds of Benibana
  8. Its Use and Effect
  9. How to Grow Benibana
  10. Variety of Dyeing Materials
  11. Main Plants Dyes
  12. Technique of Benibana Dyes
  13. Benibana Dyeing for Everybody
  14. How to Make Benibana Wine
  15. How to Make Rouge
  16. History of Benibana
  17. Benibana Charmed the Noblemen
  18. Benibana for Tax Obligation
  19. Nobunaga Oda Made a Present of Benibana
  20. Supplication of Yoshiaki Mogami
  21. Anrakuji Temple Documents of Benibana Donation
  22. Evaluation of Mogami Benibana
  23. Prosperity of Flower Market
  24. "Mebaya" and "Sanbe" as Traders
  25. All the Fields Covered with Benibana
  26. Two Haiku Lines of Benibana
  27. Yield of Benibana
  28. Area under Cultivation of Mogami-benibana
  29. Price of Mogami-benibana
  30. Route of Benibana Conveyance
  31. Deterioration of Mogami Benibana
  32. Decline of Domestic Benibana
  33. Life of Mogami-benibana
  34. Kahoku Town - Town of Safflower
  35. Benibana Tradings
  36. Benibana Jizo as a Guardian
  37. Color of Twelve Official Ranks
  38. Rich Benibana Traders and Road of Culture
  40. Conversion Table
  41. Access