The Benibana Museum (The Safflower Museum)

13. Benibana Dyeing for Everybody (誰にでもできる紅花染)

  1. Pluck the petal. (At the time when the color of flower turns to bright yellow and becomes crimson.)
  2. Rinse them in water.
  3. Wring slightly and close tight in plastic bag.
  4. Take them after overnight and grind them in a mortar.
  5. Wring tightly the ground flowers and take a shape of coin and dry them for one week or so in a ventilated shade. This coin shaped is called "beni-mochi" (紅餅).
  6. Take "beni-mochi" into a cotton bag and "beni-mochi" and cloth needs an equal weight. Put them in water and give an occasional wring and leave them overnight.
  7. After overnight, the water has yellow color. Take out the cotton bag from water and wring. This yellow water is used for yellow-water dye.
  8. Change the water again. Put the bag in the water for five hours or so and wring again. Repeat this three times a day.
  9. Continue the previous process (8) about a week, till the yellow water doesn't come out.
  10. Get 8% potassium carbonate liquid at a drug store. And put the previous bag into the liquid.
  11. Squeeze out the water every ten minutes and wring after 30 minutes' rubbing.
  12. Return the No.11 process in newly changed liquid.
  13. Return the No.12 process and make enough liquid of dye for three times.
  14. Gather the liquid. This is the dye for red color dyeing
  15. Put the cloth to be dyed into water and give a slight wring.
  16. Begin dyeing the cloth.
  17. Make liquid of a tea cup full of 10% citric acid that was bought at a drugstore. And take the cloth up from water and pour two cups of the liquid and soak the cloth.
  18. Repeat the No.17 process until a tea cup full of citric acid is all consumed. (To pour the liquid little by little prevents the unevenness of dyeing.)
  19. Move the cloth sometimes not to make an unevenness.
  20. Take the cloth out of the liquid after the red color is changed to yellow.
  21. Make the 10% citric acid liquid again and soak the cloth about ten minutes and settle the color.
  22. Rinse the dyed cloth and dry it in the shade.

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  1. Benibana (Safflower : Carthamus Tinctorius) Revived
  2. From the Horigome Residence of a Wealthy Farmer to the Museum
  3. Horigome's Former Residence
  4. The Benibana House
  5. Place of Origin of Benibana
  6. Flora of Benibana
  7. Kinds of Benibana
  8. Its Use and Effect
  9. How to Grow Benibana
  10. Variety of Dyeing Materials
  11. Main Plants Dyes
  12. Technique of Benibana Dyes
  13. Benibana Dyeing for Everybody
  14. How to Make Benibana Wine
  15. How to Make Rouge
  16. History of Benibana
  17. Benibana Charmed the Noblemen
  18. Benibana for Tax Obligation
  19. Nobunaga Oda Made a Present of Benibana
  20. Supplication of Yoshiaki Mogami
  21. Anrakuji Temple Documents of Benibana Donation
  22. Evaluation of Mogami Benibana
  23. Prosperity of Flower Market
  24. "Mebaya" and "Sanbe" as Traders
  25. All the Fields Covered with Benibana
  26. Two Haiku Lines of Benibana
  27. Yield of Benibana
  28. Area under Cultivation of Mogami-benibana
  29. Price of Mogami-benibana
  30. Route of Benibana Conveyance
  31. Deterioration of Mogami Benibana
  32. Decline of Domestic Benibana
  33. Life of Mogami-benibana
  34. Kahoku Town - Town of Safflower
  35. Benibana Tradings
  36. Benibana Jizo as a Guardian
  37. Color of Twelve Official Ranks
  38. Rich Benibana Traders and Road of Culture
  40. Conversion Table
  41. Access